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Very rare early issue, dated 17th February 1794, of a single sheet numbered “1A“, from a subscribers copy of Richard Horwood’s famous map of London titled, Plan of the Cities of London and Westminster, the Borough of Southwark and Parts Adjoining shewing … Read Full Description
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Orders over A$300
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Very rare early issue, dated 17th February 1794, of a single sheet numbered “1A“, from a subscribers copy of Richard Horwood’s famous map of London titled, Plan of the Cities of London and Westminster, the Borough of Southwark and Parts Adjoining shewing Every House. Described by Howgego; Printed Maps of London, ‘as the largest and most important London map of the eighteenth century‘, Howgego 200, pp. 21-22.
This sheet extends from Lisson Grove showing the ‘New Road‘ (present day Euston Road) to Marylebone High street with the first location of Lord’s, marked, ‘Cricket Ground‘. The original Lord’s was established in 1787 at Dorset Square, St. Marylebone, southwest of Regent’s Park, London, by Thomas Lord. In 1811 it was moved to St. John’s Wood Estate and in 1814 to its present site. Just below is the ‘Bowling Green’ and Yorkshire Stingo. The Yorkshire Stingo is believed to date from the 1600s, and was most aptly named, ‘Stingo’ which is old slang for strong beer. It boasted a tea garden, a bowling green and the Apollo Saloon Music Hall. The Stingo was also at the terminus of the first London omnibus established in 1829. From top it extends from present day Regents Park which in the Middle Ages the land was part of the manor of Tyburn, acquired by Barking Abbey. The 1530’s Dissolution of the Monasteries meant Henry VIII appropriated it, under that statutory forfeiture with minor compensation scheme. It was set aside as a hunting and forestry park, Marylebone Park, from that Dissolution until 1649 after which it was let as small-holdings for hay and dairy produce. Shown is the first Workhouse established in 1730 and which was situated near present day University of Westminster.
Horwood’s map of London when finally completed, consisted of thirty two sheets, with each sheet measuring 555mm x 507mm and when joined, eight sheets across and four down, with each sheet denoted a number and letter to identify it’s placement. It was the largest map ever published in Britain at the time. When made up as a a complete map, the sheets were trimmed and glued onto linen and varnished. This treatment and exposure in smoky rooms ensured that most of Hordwood’s completed maps have not survived or are in poor condition. This separate sheet has the full untrimmed margins as issued and in wonderful condition.
Further later editions were published in 1807, 1813 and 1819 by William Faden after he acquired the plates following Horwood’s death.
Richard Horwood (1758 - 1803)
Horwood was a surveyor and cartographer and is famous for his very large thirty two sheet map of London and suburbs published between 1792 and 1799, titled; A Plan of the Cities of London and Westminster the Borough of Southwark and Parts adjoining Shewing every House. At the time this was the largest map ever printed in Britain. After he decided to chart the entire city of London, down to each individual building, Horwood set about soliciting subscriptions to finance the project in 1790. His intention was to publish the complete map within two years, at a scale of 26 inches to the mile however, the scope of the project was so extensive and costly that rather than taking the estimated two years, the project took almost ten to complete. From the start the project suffered financial hardship, however he eventually published the entire map, which consisted of 32 sheets (four high and eight across). He promised subscriber that they would receive complete copies by the end of 1792. By April 1794, however, only six sheets had been completed and, despite having built up a considerable body of subscribers, headed by George III, Horwood ran into serious financial difficulties. On 1 December 1795 he issued another prospectus, in an attempt to raise further funds. The work was not saved, however, until January 1798, when his offer to dedicate the map to the Phoenix Assurance Office in return for a loan of £500 was accepted by the Directors of the Company. This funding allowed him to complete the map by the end of May 1799. Covering an area extending north as far as Islington, east as far as Limehouse, south as far as Kensington and west as far as Brompton, Horwood's Plan has been justly described as 'the largest and most important London map of the 18th century' (Howgego p.31). It was the first to show not only individual houses, with courts and vacant spaces away from the street front, but to attempt to give the street number of every building as well. Horwood continued to solicit subscribers during the 1792 to 1799 printing period and thus some sheets have slight changes in state through adding the names of business and showing their facilities in greater detail than appear in earlier versions of the sheets. In 1800 he wrote of the map, in a letter to the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufacture and Commerce: The execution of it has cost me nine years severe labour and indefatigable perseverance; and these years formed the most valuable part of my life. I took every angle; measured almost every line; and after that, plotted and compared the whole work. The engraving, considering the immense mass of work, is, I flatter myself, well done.
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