C1691

Mare del Sud, detto altrimenti Mare Pacifico.

Elegant map of the Pacific by Vincenzo Coronelli, extending from Australia to the Americas. The map is decorated with an elaborate title cartouche featuring three aquatic cupids, two of which are holding a large open seashell filled with pearls, sea … Read Full Description

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S/N: RLAR-091-PI-1691-CORO–226996
(PI)
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Details

Full Title:

Mare del Sud, detto altrimenti Mare Pacifico.

Date:

C1691

Condition:

In good condition with centre fold as issued.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

610mm 
x 455mm
AUTHENTICITY
Mare del Sud, detto altrimenti Mare Pacifico. - Antique Map from 1691

Genuine antique
dated:

1691

Description:

Elegant map of the Pacific by Vincenzo Coronelli, extending from Australia to the Americas.

The map is decorated with an elaborate title cartouche featuring three aquatic cupids, two of which are holding a large open seashell filled with pearls, sea grass and coral, while the other holds the coat of arms of the Holy Roman Empire. Beneath the title is a dedication to Cavalier Giulio Giustinian.

In the centre of the map below the equator, a note states that the Spanish crossed from New Spain to the Philippines in sixty days; also shown are the tracks of Jacob le Maire and Willem Schouten across the Pacific in 1615. This journey established Tierra del Fuego as an island and opened up a new shipping route from the Atlantic to the Pacific through the Le Maire Strait. This was in direct competition with the VOC, which only possessed a patent to travel to the Indies via the Cape of Good Hope and the Magellan Strait.

California is shown as a large island and according to Greek legend was the name given to a mythical island believed to be populated by beautiful Amazon warriors. The concept arose from the account by Father Antonio de la Ascesion of Sebastian Vizcaino’s expedition of the California coast in 1602. The first maps to depict California as a peninsula began to appear from 1701 and most mapmakers applied the name on their charts to those unexplored regions of the American west coast. In 1746 Father Ferdinando Consag led an expedition to the mouth of the Colorado River and finally proved that California was not an island.

To the north of Japan are two semi-mythical islands named Ezo and Compagnies lant, illustrating the uncertainty of cartographic knowledge of the area, following the explorations of the Dutchman de Vries in 1643.

Australia is shown with the discoveries made by Tasman on his first and second voyages 1642-1644, with the exception of those on the north-west coast, due to the geographical limits of the map. The islands of St. Peter and St. Francis, discovered by Nuyts in 1627, are shown and record the first charting of any part of the southern Australian coast.

References Clancy p.88, ill.6.20, Kissajukian p.46, ill. p46, Moreland ill.p.277, Suarez (P) 98, Tooley 350.

Vincenzo Coronelli (1650 - 1718)

Coronelli was a Franciscan friar, cosmographer and cartographer of atlases and globes, born, probably in Venice, August 16, 1650, the fifth child of a Venetian tailor named Maffio Coronelli. At ten, young Vincenzo was sent to the city of Ravenna and was apprenticed to a xylographer. At the age of sixteen he published the first of his one hundred forty separate works. In 1671 he entered the Convent of Saint Maria Gloriosa dei Frari in Venice, and in 1672 was sent by the order to the College of Saint Bonaventura and Saints Apostoli in Rome where he earned his doctor’s degree in theology in 1674. He excelled in the study of both astronomy and Euclid. A little before 1678, Coronelli began working as a geographer and was commissioned to make a set of terrestrial and celestial globes for Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma. Each finely crafted globe was five feet in diameter (c. 175 cm) and so impressed the Duke that he made Coronelli his theologian. Coronelli's renown as a theologian grew and in 1699 he was appointed Father General of the Franciscan order.

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