C1877

Original Karte der Ruckreise der Osterr.-Ungar Expedition Mai-August 1874. Nach Weyprecht’s Beobachtungen.

Original map of the return trip of the Osterr-Ungar expedition May-August 1874 in search of North Pole passage headed by Karl Weyprecht and discovery of Franz-Josef Land. This Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition of 1872-1874 was funded by Austro-Hungarian nobles with … Read Full Description

$A 75

S/N: PGMI-POL-7705–416584
(F51)
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Original Karte der Ruckreise der Osterr.-Ungar Expedition Mai-August 1874. Nach Weyprecht’s Beobachtungen. Arctic, North Pole

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Details

Full Title:

Original Karte der Ruckreise der Osterr.-Ungar Expedition Mai-August 1874. Nach Weyprecht’s Beobachtungen.

Date:

C1877

Condition:

Top of left margin narrow as issued, with folds and in good condition.

Technique:

Lithograph printed in colour.

Image Size: 

190mm 
x 248mm

Paper Size: 

225mm 
x 280mm
AUTHENTICITY
Original Karte der Ruckreise der Osterr.-Ungar Expedition Mai-August 1874. Nach Weyprecht's Beobachtungen. - Antique Map from 1877

Genuine antique
dated:

1877

Description:

Original map of the return trip of the Osterr-Ungar expedition May-August 1874 in search of North Pole passage headed by Karl Weyprecht and discovery of Franz-Josef Land.

This Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition of 1872-1874 was funded by Austro-Hungarian nobles with the backing of Emperor Franz Joseph I.  The three masted 200 ton schooner Tegetthoff was constructed in Bremerhaven specially for the voyage. Karl Weyprecht served as master of the vessel and overall expedition leader. Julius von Payer served as leader of the planned overland (or over-ice) effort. The schooner with its crew of 24 departed Tromsø, Norway on 3 July 1872, carrying eight sled dogs and supplies for three years. On 20 August, the schooner was beset in the ice off Novaya Zemlya.  The ice carried the schooner and its crew northwest.  In August 1873, they sighted the mountains of an unknown land.  After some initial exploration, they named the newly found islands Franz-Josef Land in honour of their Emperor.  The ice continued carrying them slowly north. Reaching 82°5N, they decided on 20 May 1874 that there was no open water to the north and that the time had come to abandon the vessel and make their way back. After three months of sledging, they reached open water. Taking to their boats, they returned to Novaya Zemlya and were rescued by the Russian schooner Nikolay, which took the expedition members to the port of Vardo, Norway on the Barents Sea. The team returned to Vienna, where they were greeted with great celebration.

From Petermann’s, Geographia Mittheilungen.

Augustus Heinrich Petermann (1822 - 1898)

In 1847, Petermann moved to London and in 1850 founded his own establishment: The Geographical Establishment, Engraving, Lithographic and Printing Office. In 1852 Ernst Georg Ravenstein (1834–1913) was apprenticed to him, then in 1855 he went into the service of the Topographical Department of the British War Office. Petermann's firm published, among other things, maps for the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society and through this he established lifelong relationships with many scientists, politicians and explorers. In 1847, he became a member of the RGS. When he was 28 in 1850 he was elected under-Secretary. In 1868 he was awarded with the prestigious 'Founders medal' of the RGS. Queen Victoria, at the suggestion of Robert Bunsen, appointed him 'physical geographer-royal'. Early in his career, Petermann already wanted to further the cause of geographical exploration as shown by his concern for and interference with James Richardson's expedition. The purpose of this expedition, which was supported by the British government, was to negotiate trade treaties with the rulers of the middle Sudan. Petermann, supported by Carl Ritter and Robert Bunsen, pleaded with the British government to let Heinrich Barth and Adolf Overweg join up with Richardson’s expedition to assure that geographical and scientific aspects which they might encounter were taken care of. When still affiliated with the Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Erdkunde, he published their progress in this journal, and when he started his very influential, Petermanns geographische Mitteilungen. This journal, which still exists today, greatly influenced the development of scientific geography and cartography in Germany in the nineteenth century. Numerous articles have been published by recognized experts in this field, along with a multitude of illustrations, showing maps, prints and photographs. The journal developed into an important publication, setting the standard in the history of the great expeditions and discoveries, and European colonial matters. His long stay in Britain made him familiar with the best in British and German geography, and as he was fluent in both languages and having learnt French helped him to read widely.

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