C1872

Plan of the Sow and Pigs Flats. Shewing Borings of the Bottom on the Western Channel 1872

Rare c.19th map of Sow and Pigs flats,  extending from Middle Head to Chowder Bay and from South Head to Watson’s Bay. Highlighted in red is the area of the channel to be deepened by John Thomas Ewing Gowlland ( … Read Full Description

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Details

Full Title:

Plan of the Sow and Pigs Flats. Shewing Borings of the Bottom on the Western Channel 1872

Date:

C1872

Condition:

In good condition, with folds as issued. Laid on archival linen.

Technique:

Hand coloured lithograph.

Image Size: 

545mm 
x 410mm

Paper Size: 

568mm 
x 472mm
AUTHENTICITY
Plan of the Sow and Pigs Flats. Shewing Borings of the Bottom on the Western Channel 1872 - Antique Map from 1872

Genuine antique
dated:

1872

Description:

Rare c.19th map of Sow and Pigs flats,  extending from Middle Head to Chowder Bay and from South Head to Watson’s Bay. Highlighted in red is the area of the channel to be deepened by John Thomas Ewing Gowlland ( 1838 – 1874) dated 1872.

The Sow and Pigs flat is situated on the eastern side of the main shipping channel between Middle Head and South Head. Originally the reef was exposed and resembled a sow and her litter, explosives were used to reduce the reef and now the reef is only exposed at a very low tide.

 

John Thomas Ewing Gowlland (1838 - 1874)

Gowlland began his naval career by entering the Royal Naval School, Greenwich and in 1853 joined the navy as a master's assistant. He saw active service with the Baltic squadron in the Crimean war and at 16 won a medal for taking a prize back to England. He then served in the survey of the Chincha Islands off Peru, Vancouver Island and in determining the northern boundary of the United States of America. As a commander he won the goodwill of the Indian chiefs and was specially thanked by the Admiralty for his excellent charts; his name is perpetuated in several places on the Pacific coast. He returned to Europe by way of Sydney and as first assistant surveyor worked in the Mediterranean. He was appointed to the Australian survey as chief assistant in 1865 after Captain Sydney's retirement and took command of the survey of the New South Wales coast, and compiling Admiralty charts of the coast. He carried out extensive surveys of Sydney Harbour and made the first plans of Garden Island. From 1871 his services were retained at the expense of the New South Wales government. In 1872 volunteered to command a relief expedition to search for the brig Maria wrecked off Bramble Reef, resulting in the rescuing of thirty four survivors. In 1873 Gowlland returned to England and was promoted staff commander. He was a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London, and the Royal Society of Victoria. He wrote several pamphlets on the winds and currents of the eastern coast of Australia and many press articles on marine subjects. He returned to Sydney and while surveying Middle Harbour was drowned in an accident off Dobroyd Point on 14 August 1874. He was buried with full naval honours at the cemetery of St Thomas's Anglican Church, North Sydney.

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