C1730

"A view of ye general & coasting trade-winds, monsoons ... through the world, variations &c

1706 Moll (1654&#82111732) Map by the English cartographer Herman Moll who, at the time had access to the latest data and observations from William Dampier&#8217s voyages, allowing his maps to be the first to accurately portray the great ocean currents. … Read Full Description

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S/N: WM-1730-MOLL–184836
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Details

Full Title:

"A view of ye general & coasting trade-winds, monsoons … through the world, variations &c

Date:

C1730

Condition:

In good condition

Technique:

Original copper engraving

Image Size: 

530mm 
x 185mm
AUTHENTICITY
"A view of ye general & coasting trade-winds, monsoons ... through the world, variations &c - Antique Print from 1730

Genuine antique
dated:

1730

Description:

1706 Moll (1654&#82111732) Map by the English cartographer Herman Moll who, at the time had access to the latest data and observations from William Dampier&#8217s voyages, allowing his maps to be the first to accurately portray the great ocean currents. Running along either side of the equator is a large shaded area showing the trade winds and monsoons, clearly indicating that the map was intended for merchants and mariners. Molls description &#8216the Arrows among the lines shew the Course of those General and Coasting Trade Winds, and the Arrows in the void spaces shew the Course of the Monsoons or Shifting Trade Winds and the Abbreviations Sept. &amp c. shew the Time of the Year when such Winds blow&#8217. The map features two compass rose,h pole in the top right corner. Australia is shown according to the discoveries made by Abel Tasman on his first and second voyages (1642-4) and include place names of the earlier visits by Dirk Hartog (1616) and Jan Cartensz (1623). The VOC&#8217s instructions for Tasman&#8217s second voyage were, in part, to discover whether it would be possible to establish a trading relationship with the inhabitants of New Holland. Tasman found it difficult at first to engage with the Australian Aborigines who often ran away when the Dutch sailors made landings and did not seem interested in the goods that the VOC offered. Tasman gave an unfavourable report of opportunities on the continent and as a result, the VOC lost interest in further exploration of New Holland, instead focusing on its commercial activities in the East Indies and the charting of areas where its ships were already active. The poor Dutch reports of the Australian continent convinced other nations that the area was of little value and the continent was neglected well into the eighteenth century. Indeed, the Australian coastline would remain unchanged on maps until the discovery of the east coast by James Cook some one hundred and thirty years later.

Hermann Moll (1678 - 1732)

Moll was a Dutch emigre who came to London about 1680 following the Scanian Wars, he first worked as an engraver for Moses Pitt, later setting up his own business and becoming, after the turn of the century, the foremost map publisher in England. As his fame grew he became a well known figure at in the group of Intelligencia who gathered at Jonathon's Coffee House in Exchange Alley or Change Alley. This narrow alleyway connecting shops and coffeehouses in an old neighbourhood of the City of London, served as a convenient shortcut from the Royal Exchange on Cornhill to the Post Office on Lombard Street. Shops once located in Exchange Alley included ship chandlers, makers of navigation instruments such as telescopes, and goldsmiths from Lombardy in Italy. The coffee houses of Exchange Alley, especially Jonathan's and Garraway's, became an early venue for the lively trading of shares and commodities. Moll was able to obtain crucial information from the lively commercial and intellectual scene in the area. Moll was at the forefront of map making during his working life and his maps reflect his ever inquisitive nature.

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