C1881

[AUSTRALIA-SA] Gulf of St.Vincent Backstairs Passage Surveyed by Captain J. Hutchinson, R.N., assisted by Nav. Lieuts. F.Howard and M.S. Guy, R.N. 1869.

Rare first issue of the 1881 new Hydrographic survey of Backstairs Passage, South Australia. The chart extends from the eastern end of Kangaroo Island, Backstairs Passage and Fleurieu Peninsula  and from Rapid Bay to Tunkalilla Beach by Captain J. Hutchinson, … Read Full Description

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[AUSTRALIA-SA] Gulf of St.Vincent Backstairs Passage Surveyed by Captain J. Hutchinson, R.N., assisted by Nav. Lieuts. F.Howard and M.S. Guy, R.N. 1869. South Australia

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[AUSTRALIA-SA] Gulf of St.Vincent Backstairs Passage Surveyed by Captain J. Hutchinson, R.N., assisted by Nav. Lieuts. F.Howard and M.S. Guy, R.N. 1869. South Australia

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Full Title:

[AUSTRALIA-SA] Gulf of St.Vincent Backstairs Passage Surveyed by Captain J. Hutchinson, R.N., assisted by Nav. Lieuts. F.Howard and M.S. Guy, R.N. 1869.

Date:

C1881

Engraver:

Davies & Co. 

Condition:

In good condition with folds.

Technique:

Copper engraving.

Image Size: 

485mm 
x 640mm

Paper Size: 

501mm 
x 685mm
AUTHENTICITY
[AUSTRALIA-SA] Gulf of St.Vincent Backstairs Passage Surveyed by Captain J. Hutchinson, R.N., assisted by Nav. Lieuts. F.Howard and M.S. Guy, R.N. 1869. - Antique Map from 1881

Genuine antique
dated:

1881

Description:

Rare first issue of the 1881 new Hydrographic survey of Backstairs Passage, South Australia. The chart extends from the eastern end of Kangaroo Island, Backstairs Passage and Fleurieu Peninsula  and from Rapid Bay to Tunkalilla Beach by Captain J. Hutchinson, R.N., assisted by Nav. Lieuts. F. Howard and M.S. Guy, R.N. First issued 6th July, 1881 without updates or corrections.

The regular updating of Hydrographic charts by the Hydrographic Office was to ensure that commanders of ships, pilots and other mariners were able to have the most to up to date information available to safely navigate foreign waters and ports as new information of changes to sea depths, sand bars, wrecks or other any other pertinent nautical information that could hinder passage became available. As updated charts were offered for sale, the earlier outdated charts in the hands of mariners, pilots, ships owners and sailors were invariably discarded, subsequently making all British Admiralty issued hydrographic charts of the period rare.

Hydrographic charting of Australia History ( - )

Naval policy dictated that Admiralty charts be destroyed when superseded to avoid navigational error. It was during Rear Admiral John Washington’s period as the Admiralty’s hydrographer, 1855-1863, that a series of agreements were drawn up with the Australian colonies. These agreements provided boats and crews for use by officers lent from the Royal Navy to chart the coasts and shoal waters in the approaches to the rapidly developing towns, communication with which was seriously hampered by the the frequency of shipwrecks. It had been the discovery of gold and the consequent rush of miners and emigrants from not only England but California that added greatly the numbers of ships sailing to Australia’s east coast. This led to numerous petitions being made to Her Majesty’s Government to chart the eastern approaches to Australia to make for safer passage for shipping.

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John Hutchinson ( - )

Hutchinson was a  surveyor who began surveying under Captain F. Bullock in 1842, examining the river Thames. From 1843-1844 he was engaged on surveying the west coast of Ireland with James Wolfe. He then was promoted to Assistant-Surveyor and joined the HMS Herald with Captain H. Kellett, employed in surveying the North-West coast of America and Behring strait until he was promoted to Lieutenant in 1850. As Lieutenant and Assistant Surveyor, he was employed from 1852-1861 working with Capt. Denam in the South sea Islands, Shark Bay, West Australia, Fiji Islands, Coral Sea and the east coast of Australia. Hutchinson as made marine surveyor of the South Australian Survey Station between 1852 and 1865, and mapped much of the Northern Territory coastline. He gained the rank of commander in 1861. In 1868, he was promoted to rank of Post-Captain, but died in July 1869 of inflammation of the lungs.

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